Thoughts on: The Republic by Plato

Did you know that Plato was my rapper alias back in the day? I was 16 and had a gangsta rap group with some friends. Lol 🤙
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In hindsight I find the alias quite suiting as Platon seems to have been the OG of political philosophy.
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This book is a Socratic dialogue where Socrates and his crew discuss theideal state: the perfect republic.
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📝 “One man, one role”. Key ingredients to Plato’s Republic seem to be that people know their place, focus on their strength and mind their own businesses.
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📝 Socrates “controversial” idea:
Women are of the same nature as men and should have the same education and be able to take on the same work.
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📝 The strong should breed with the strong and have the women and children in common.
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📝 Socrates talks about the inherit contradictions of the soul: A man struck by grief holds it back in public but indulge in it when no one sees. Might this contradiction be a reason for coming up with an all-seeing and omnipotent god? If all is seen by god then maybe men would behave the same in public as in solitude?
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📝 The Noble Lie:
The lie Plato propose should be told in order to convince people that society is naturally divided. Peoples souls are of different calibers: gold, silver, or a mix of brass or iron. The lie was designed to convince people that the republic is best divided into the 3 groups: the producers, the military and the rulers.
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⭐️ TAKEAWAY:
I really enjoyed The Allegory of the Cave that portraits the effects of education and reasoning, as compared to our lack of it in our natural state. It’s an impressive picture and well worth a google if your not familiar with it!
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⚖️ VERDICT:
It has been claimed that European philosophy “is only a series of retweets and replies to Plato.” and that’s one of the reasons I’m extremely happy to have read this one. It will be foundational as I continue my journey through the history of thought.
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I enjoyed the ride, managed to absorb parts of it, and came out on the other side a bit more educated.
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4/5
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⁉️Which is the oldest book you have? ⁉️

Thoughts On: ‘On the Shortness of life’ by Seneca

A brief essay on the the duration of life. And about why most people think it’s too short, when it’s actually long enough to if the time is used properly.

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Seneca is a stoic philosopher (4. BC – 65 AD. I won’t go into into much detail about what a stoicism is, since there will be a lot other opportunities to dwell into that in upcoming post (judging from what I’m reading right now). With a risk of oversimplifying, I like how Nassim Taleb put it: “A stoic is a Buddhist with attitude, one that says “fuck you” to faith”

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“It is not that we have a short time to live, but that we waste much of it. Life is long enough, and it has been given in sufficient measure to allow us to achieve the greatest things, if the whole of it is well invested…” “…we are not given a short life but we make it short, and we are not ill-supplied but wasteful of it… Life is long if you know how to use it.”

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So, how do people waste their life? By gossiping, overindulgence in food and sex, living life for others (work a job you hate), complaining, etc.

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Also worrying about the future or letting the past disturb ones tranquility. Then, when we find out that these things are unimportant, we only have a few years left to live and wonder where all the time has gone.

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“He who has grey hair has not lived for long, he has existed for long.”

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Being written 2000 years ago, it’s amazing how almost all these thoughts are applicable to contemporary society. ———————————–

My takeaway from this book is to be more protective of my time and be wise in how I spend it. A sad thing would be to spend your life doing things you dislike with a promise of leisure and freedom in the future. Wasting each day as it comes for a future that one are is certain to live to see.

5/5